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Ministry Blog

  • Mining Industries (Part One)

    Written by: Yousef Tayseer Jawabreh

    Mining Consultant

    Mining is defined as the extraction of economically feasible mineral ores by various mining methods and transferring them to processing and concentration units, and exploiting them. Quarries of building materials are the main source of the building materials that are used in construction and infrastructure projects. The building materials are extracted from quarries by carrying out the process of blasting and breaking stones,  and this is known as mining extractive industries, including crushers, quarries and mines, including building materials quarries in which are extracted the materials used in building and construction projects such as marble, granite and ornamental stones and other materials.

    Mineral wealth is of great importance as there are a large number of industries based on this wealth. There are also huge reserves of mineral wealth, which constitute the cornerstone of any future investments and projects in this sector.

    Mineral wealth includes the ores and minerals existing on the surface or in underground, which are extracted from quarries or mines through various extraction and mining operations.

    - Mining industries associated with mineral wealth

    Extractive industries: are industries that depend on extracting raw materials, minerals and natural resources from the ground, such as crushers, quarries and mines.

    Transformational industries: Industries that rely on converting the raw materials resulting from the extractive industries from one form to another according to the shape that the manufacturer designs, in a specific transformative way, whether it is chemical, physical or engineering, to produce a new product from those raw materials such as cement, glass, ceramics, iron, Concrete, etc.

    Extractive industries: they include crushers, quarries and mines, and include several mining methods, including:

    First: Surface mining:

    Surface Mining features easy mining, lower costs, flexibility, and production control. This type of mining is used to extract the materials near the surface of the earth, and this is the common type in the United Arab Emirates, such as crushers, quarries and mines in some emirates of the country. The following image shows one of the sites involved in surface mining.

     mining blog 1

    Surface mining can be divided into the following types:

    Open Pits:

    The cover layer - the rocks covering the ore - is removed until the ore is reached, and this is done by making graduated surface levels, and then exploiting the ore using surface mining equipment. Iron ores, some copper and gold ores, and most industrial mineral ores such as phosphates and bauxite are among the materials in which this method that can be used.

    Quarry:

    In this type the ore is directly exploited, or by removing the covering layer and then exploiting the ore. Examples of the materials in which this method is used are ornamental stone materials such as marble, granite and limestone, where they are cut, polished and prepared for selling.

    Placer Mining:

    It is one of the methods used to mine the deposits of clay ores containing precious metals found under the surfaces of rivers and streams.

    Second: Underground Mining:

    Underground mining is used to extract raw materials found in the depths. This type is suitable for mineral ores with a high mineral concentration. The underground mining costs a lot, and the amount of production is low; where tunnels are being dug and wells are drilled to reach the mineral deposits and carry out continuous maintenance work inside the mines; transporting the ore out of the mine, pumping ground water, and constructing lighting and ventilation stations, in mines such as in coal, copper, and gold mines as illustrated in the following picture:

     Mining blog 2

    In surface mining operations, the operations are classified into three main processes:

    1-    Quarry Operations: It includes a number of sub-activities as follows:

    • Blasting: where some holes are made in the mountains and blown up to obtain rocks of different sizes.

    • Rocks extraction: rocks are extracted by using machinery and equipment.

    • Transfer of rocks: The extracted rocks are transferred to the crushing units or sold for use in the construction of breakwaters, islands and beaches.

    2. Crusher operations: Crusher is accomplished by crushing the extracted rocks using several types of machines (crushers); where rocks of large sizes are crushed to lower sizes in several stages to obtain different sizes for use in other manufacturing processes.

    3. Screening operations: At this stage, the rocks that are crushed in crushers are sifted using different types of screens to obtain different sizes and shapes of materials for use in the manufacture of cement, tiles and bricks, ready mix concrete, asphalt, etc...

    The following image shows the distribution of the equipment used for crushing and screening.

     Mining blog 3

    There are many negative environmental impacts associated with surface mining operations, including: air pollution with flying dust, in addition to other gases emitted by equipment and machinery, ground vibrations caused by mining operations, noise and visual pollution, soil and water pollution, closing of the valleys, waste accumulation, and negative impacts on the ecosystem in general.

    As the environmental impacts are multiple, legislations and technical requirements must be established to monitor the work of quarries and mines, and to put in place some mechanisms to monitor it, and adhere to them to prevent and reduce the negative environmental impacts.

    Among the recommendations that are suggested to be implemented to monitor the environmental impacts in quarries are the following:

    1. Establishing laws and regulations governing the work of quarries and mines.

    2. Following the principles of sorting, recycling and reusing to reduce the production of municipal and industrial waste.

    3. The use of modern technologies to curb the escalating dust from the production, storage and loading operations, such as the use of filters and water sprinklers, and covering production units.

    4. Developing mining plans based on selecting the best materials for production to avoid waste production.

    5. Developing an environmental management plan that includes recommended environmental measures to ward off all negative environmental impacts of production operations.

    6. Developing plans to rehabilitate work sites and afforestation programs to replace vegetation that is affected by the mining operations.

    7. Training and qualifying workers in the workplace to follow health and safety and environmental guidelines and adhere to them.

    8. Educating quarry and mine operators of the importance of commitment to implementing the environmental laws and requirements, and the expected benefits in the medium and the long term.

    9. Encouraging the principles of rationalizing energy and water consumption and the importance of implementing energy efficiency systems in the workplace.

    10. Monitoring environmental compliance and adhering to environmental requirements in the workplace on an ongoing basis, which could be using the Internet and developing electronic applications for this purpose.

    11. Providing modern technical and technological solutions to raise the efficiency of control and inspection operations and the use of modern technologies such as geographic information systems and remote sensing by using drones.

     

    References:

    1. Dabi Sanaa, M. Zahraoui, M. El Wartiti, M. Jebrak, F. Z. Nahraoui, and D. Fadli, (2011), Environment Mining and sustainable Development, Present Environment Mining and sustainable Development, Vol.5, No.2.
    2. Geology and Environmental Impact Statement, Published by: The Institute of Geologists of Ireland, Geology Department,  University College Dublin (2002).
  • The Human is at the Center of the Strategy of the Industrial Revolution

    The U.A.E strategy for the Fourth Industrial Revolution focuses on a number of basic themes. Such themes includes the man of the future; and this through developing an enhanced smart education experience that contributes to improving the outputs of the education sector, in proportion to the requirements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, by focusing on technology and advanced sciences, including Bioengineering, Nanotechnology, and Artificial Intelligence.

    The strategy includes genomics to contribute to UAE’s reaching an advanced position in it so that it will be a global center for smart personal genomics and for genomic medical tourism, by improving levels of health care, and developing medical solutions and personalized genomic drugs as per the needs of patients.

    In addition, the strategy includes focusing on robotic health care, and utilizing robotics and the nanotechnology to enhance the capabilities of providing health and surgical tele-care services in the country and abroad. The strategy also aims at developing connected healthcare to provide smart medical solutions around the clock, through wearable technology and transplantation in the human body.

    The strategy includes as well the matter of future security through achieving water and food security by developing an integrated and sustainable system of water and food security. Such system is based on the employment of Bioengineering science and advanced technology for renewable energy, and enhancing economic security by adopting the digital economy and technology for digital transactions.

    The Fourth Industrial Revolution also focuses on several main subjects including the combination of physical, digital and Biological technologies, where physical technology is easily recognizable due to its tangible nature. This includes self-driving cars, 3D printing, and robots. The digital technology is summarized in the 'Internet of Things’ and Big data, whereas and Biotechnology is genetics, which is an important factor in curing most serious diseases, such as diabetes, heart and cancer.

    The Fourth Industrial Revolution relies on the digital revolution, in which technology forms an integral part of society and a link between the physical, digital and biological world. It is characterized by the use of advanced technology in various fields to improve efficiency, speed of developments and growth, and the scope of the fourth industrial revolution extends to all fields and sectors.

    In a quick reading of the productive revolutions, we find that the world passed through four major revolutions, as the agricultural revolution started more than 10 thousand years ago, followed by the First Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, which was based on coal and steam power, then the Second Industrial Revolution in the 19th century that was based on Electricity; and the Third one that began in the 1960s and was computer-led, known as the "Digital Revolution."

    As for the Fourth industrial Revolution, it is a revolution that the human history has never experienced before, whether in terms of speed, scope or level of complications, and it is driven by major engines, which are: artificial intelligence, robots, self-driving cars, 3D printers, giant data, and virtual currencies, Internet of Things, Nano technology, Biotechnology, Energy Storage and Quantum computing.

  • First Step Innovation

    Since the launch of the UAE leadership in Becoming one of the world's most innovative governments the world in 2021, the concept of innovation is still a challenge for many people, some believe that the matter is limited to technological inventions and smart transformation, and some of them swing in his mind that the matter is specific to a certain category of specialists to work on studying and implementing it.

    Innovation in the glossary of inclusive meanings is defined as follows, invent the fruit: eat its first fruits, i.e. the first of them, the woman invented: she gave birth to a male boy the first time she was born, he invented a new invention: he invented it, he created it, he created it unprecedented to him, he has the ability to invent meanings: to create unfamiliar meanings A non-circulating, industrial source of innovation: capacity for innovation and creativity.

    Innovation in the government sector is based on developing, testing and implementing innovative ideas that achieve a public benefit. This may be in the form of a new product or service, updating existing processes or proposing a policy, or even by thinking about a different challenge or stopping a specific practice that has not been proven Its success.

    To put these concepts on an optimum basis through previous experiences and tests, through which we conclude that innovation in the first place is an idea and a scientific transformation to overcome a specific challenge or to facilitate the conduct or improvement of a service and its development for the benefit of the concerned group of society, some people may wonder how this will be done? If we imagine the prevailing belief that there are about 70,000 thoughts in the human brain a day, then we can imagine and wonder how these ideas can take the proper course towards innovation? On a personal level, I carried out a simple experiment in my previous work environment. I carried a pen and paper in my hand and went out from the building to the outer space of the car parking. I started from my car walking towards the building and in that while I was asking myself (what if?), and I contemplated those things that would make my life easier and make me feel happy and safe, and between the first list and the second list that caused a whirlwind of ideas that sometimes I felt very simple from my perspective but may mean a lot to other people. Let's go through the experience together and come back in other experiences with upcoming articles.

  • UAE policy for advanced industries enhances the country's competitiveness Globally

    The UAE policy for Advanced Industries aims to motivate the business sector to adopt and develop future industrial sectors and modern technologies, and to enhance the role and ability of the UAE industry to compete in global markets, in addition to shifting towards a clean and sustainable industry, attracting talent and creating appropriate job opportunities for citizens.

    The policy is based on 6 main principles: balanced development in different regions of the country, flexibility in plans and policies, integration between the various Emirates in industrial and logistical capabilities and services, commitment to improving the quality of life, and leadership in innovation in the industry to provide solutions that raise efficiency and productivity and reduce cost, and increase dependence on Industries with skilled labor.

    To know more, please visit the following page: http://www.moei.gov.ae/assets/dc080b4b/energy_industry_policy_en.aspx

  • 18th General Conference of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

    Abu Dhabi will host the 18th General Conference of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) with the participation of 800 ministers, officials and representatives of 170 member states of the Organization next November.

    The conference will focus on youth, gender equality, the Fourth Industrial Revolution, renewable energy, specialized economic zones and circular economy.

    The choice of Abu Dhabi to host this important event reflects the UAE's confidence in its role in shaping a transformative future for the global industrial sector and its development of a strong and a competitive industrial base globally. The UNIDO’s appreciation of UAE reflects its position as a global model among developing countries that has built, in a record time, an advanced industrial base and achieved a comprehensive and sustainable industrial development. This is clear after completing an industrial renaissance, which is a unique model in the Middle East region, enabling it to become a reliable industrial partner in the region for the major international industrial companies.

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