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UAE … An International laboratory for the future industry

Monday, January 28, 2019

The Fourth Industrial Revolution, whose first wave has brought unprecedented changes in the history of mankind, represents an important and influential turning point in the future of states. It is one of the most important technological transformations in the world. It involves many challenges that the governments of the world must prepare for it in order to make optimal use of it.

The UAE has chosen to share with the world in shaping the future industry, and transform future challenges into opportunities and achievements that serve the communities by creating the necessary legislative infrastructure to support future technologies to become then the first open global laboratory to experience and apply the technology of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

The UAE has realized the importance of keeping abreast of the technological revolution, thus it accelerates efforts to become a leading global model in anticipating the challenges of the future, employing the tools and techniques of the Fourth Industrial Revolution to serve the society and achieve happiness and well-being of its people in support of the national objectives of the UAE vision 2021 and 2071.

A few days ago, the UAE announced the establishment of the Fourth Industrial Revolution Center in the region and inaugurated the "Legislation Laboratory", the largest legislative laboratory to design the future proactively through the development of mechanisms and legislations of future technologies, including legislations on self-driving vehicles, Health, and legislations related to printing in all the 3D forms and fields. It has also launched the UAE's 4th Industrial Revolution Strategy to strengthen the country's status as a global hub for this industrial revolution, and contribute to a competitive national economy based on knowledge, innovation and future technological applications that integrate physical, digital and dynamic technologies, and a safe and secure trial environment for legislation on future technologies, which will contribute to the country's progress towards its future aspirations and vision; as well as the launch of the UAE's 4th Industrial Revolution Program aiming to build national capacities and competencies that are capable of implementing the UAE's 4th Industrial Revolution strategy.

- Looking ahead

The Members of the 4th UAE Industrial Revolution Council (IUCN), whose formation was approved by the Cabinet to implement policies and strategies in support of the development of tools for adopting techniques and employing them in the work of entities, said that the leadership’s top priority is to enhance the role of UAE to become a leading global model in foreseeing the future, and in keeping pace with vital sectors in the country to the latest global trends.

The members added saying that this concern is reflected in the launching of the UAE strategy for the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the establishment of the UAE Council and Center for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which reflects the leadership's keenness on the UAE to play a pivotal role in shaping the future global trends of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, and UAE will be the first to apply the tools of this revolution in all vital sectors.

They said that UAE has developed a comprehensive plan for the employment of technology and innovation and tools of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in the service of government work and vital sectors. In addition, this meant to enhance the environment of science and technology and innovation, supporting the adoption of the tools of the fourth Industrial Revolution to find innovative solutions that adopt advanced technology tools to employ them to meet the challenges in the development sectors. Thus forming the features of the future to achieve the best results and enhance the position of UAE as a platform for foreseeing and making the future.

- Vital sectors

H.E Dr. Mohammed Ibrahim Al-Mualla, the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Education for Academic Affairs of Higher Education, and member of the UAE Council for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, said: "The leadership’s top priority is to strengthen the role of the UAE to become a leading global model in foreseeing the future, and keeping pace with the vital sectors of the latest global trends. He added: This is represented in the interest of launching the UAE strategy of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the establishment of the fourth UAE Industrial Revolution Council, which reflects the keenness of the leadership that UAE has to play a pivotal role in shaping the future global trends of the Fourth Industrial Revolution; and will be the first to apply the tools of this revolution in all vital sectors.

He pointed out that education is one of the most important focuses of the UAE's strategy for the fourth industrial revolution through the focus of the “Future Man”, which aims at improving the output of the education sector, which is based on technology and advanced sciences. The Ministry of Education has made a radical change in the education sector by introducing the UAE School model, which is characterized by new courses and materials focusing on technology and advanced science, and preparing the student with the knowledge and skills required for the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

He added: Starting from the first cycle classes, technology, design and projects based on programming and robotics are introduced. The emphasis is placed on extracurricular activities, teaching students the history, cultures and civilizations of other countries and new languages ​​in order to create minds that are open to the experiences of developed countries.

He pointed out that the Ministry has launched the National Strategy for Higher Education, which aims to prepare the future generation of specialists and professionals in necessary sectors, building a knowledge economy and participating actively in the research tracks, entrepreneurship and labor market.  The students will then be armed with technical and practical skills and be able to push the economy in the country in both public and private sectors.

He stressed that the Ministry is working through this strategy in collaboration with higher education institutions to develop the current curricula and develop new academic programs in order to prepare students better and provide them with the various sciences and types of modern knowledge and new skills needed to deal with the fourth industrial revolution according to the future needs of the labor market in UAE that is growing rapidly;  and by adopting the latest technology based on artificial intelligence, machine learning, automation, robotics, internet, mega data, virtual reality, and mass series.

He explained that the Ministry is working with higher education institutions to create an active research environment in UAE, and support scientific research in the vital fields that serve the national agenda; and establishing specialized research centers that attract the best international researchers, and aiming to build and develop national cadres and competencies in vital fields according to international trends.  Giving priority to research based on the techniques of the fourth industrial revolution, such as artificial intelligence and others to support the efforts of the state in the use of advanced technology to find innovative solutions that contribute to turn the future challenges to opportunities.

He pointed out that the Ministry has benefited from the techniques of the Fourth industrial revolution based on industrial intelligence to build a comprehensive and integrated database through which all public and higher education institutions in the country are linked, with the development of effective data analysis mechanisms aiming at increasing the effectiveness of the education system in UAE, and by linking the outputs of public education to higher education; and thus linked to the future needs of the labor market through the implementation of accurate studies to follow the path of graduates, and develop appropriate recommendations to increase the efficiency of academic programs in national universities and higher education institutions.

- Healthcare

Dr. Mohammed Salim Al Olama, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Health and Community Protection, Member of the UAE Council for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, stressed that, based on the leadership's orientations aiming at building a comprehensive and distinguished health system globally, the Ministry of Health and Community Protection is giving priority to the fourth industrial revolution. The Ministry has developed a comprehensive plan to future foresight by integrating the tools and techniques of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic services, in accordance with the UAE strategy and with the UAE Centennial 2071, and transform the health care system given to patients.

He said that the Ministry of Health and Community Protection has started using artificial intelligence applications, robots and the Internet of things that will improve the level of health care. It has been implemented through a range of initiatives and projects such as the use of Artificial Intelligence for X-ray analysis, patient follow-up and telemedicine for many services such as Intensive care services, rheumatism, arthritis, etc… Furthermore, there is the use of smart applications and artificial intelligence in cognitive analysis, early detection of genetic, cardiac and auditory diseases, and use of smart rooms to treat patients, as well as the use of Artificial intelligence in the development of treatment plans for chronic diseases and improve the quality of life.

He pointed out also to the use of advanced robotic technology in the field of health like  «the robotic operations and pharmacy robotics», and the application of the virtual health assistant, the use of virtual reality of simulation and training, indicating that these initiatives aim at enhancing the happiness of patients services of the Ministry of Health and Community Protection in terms of diagnosis and treatment, and developing the medical diagnostic mechanisms, early detection of risks and diseases, as well as faster and more accurate analysis of health data and as a result improving the performance and productivity.

He said that "the Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies contribute to saving costs, time, effort and resources required, as well as immediate and timely monitoring of patients' condition, timely decision-making, minimizing medical errors, analyzing chronic disease data, building individual and accurate treatment plans to improve coping mechanisms, and improving communication with patients and involving them in the health system.

He explained that the Ministry has strengthened its relations with the private sector and formed several task forces to set priorities and develop mechanisms to implement the initiatives and strategies that support the development of tools to adopt the fourth revolution technologies and employ them to benefit from in customer services; in addition to building the capabilities and skills of their employees. 

- Smart Industry

H.E Dr. Matar Hamed Al Neyadi, Undersecretary of the UAE Ministry of Energy and Industry, said that the Fourth Industrial Revolution will play an important role in changing the lifestyle in the coming years, and it will achieve the strategic and developmental goals of the UAE vision in the social and economic sectors such as education, health, Energy and industry, especially in terms of enhancing the quality and efficiency of government services in these sectors.

He explained that the Fourth Industrial Revolution has started at the beginning of the 21st century, and was based on the rapid development of digital computing, artificial intelligence, robotics, 3D printing, remote control systems, energy storage, and other technologies. Artificial intelligence is one of the components of this revolution; and it depends on the bases of linking and integrating machines or machines with digital systems in the processes of manufacturing goods and providing services.

H.E Al Neyadi said that in light of the government's orientations towards foreseeing the future and keeping pace with the requirements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and rapid changes, the UAE government has launched a set of strategies such as the National Innovation Strategy, the UAE's 4th Industrial Revolution Strategy, and the Emirates Artificial Intelligence Strategy, in addition to other complementary strategies. A number of related initiatives and programs have been established, such as the 4th  UAE Industrial Revolution Council, the Emirates Council for Artificial Intelligence and the Emirates Scholars Council.

He added: "Artificial intelligence is expected to grow in the country's GDP annually. The industrial sector is also one of the vital sectors concerned with the diversification of sources of income. This sector needs to be supplemented by the outputs of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the tools of artificial intelligence as a priority to enhance its efficiency and competitiveness locally and globally.

The Undersecretary of the Ministry of Energy and Industry revealed that the smart plant model (factory 4.0) which will contain equipment and machineries with high operational efficiency, both in terms of productivity, energy required, or even its limited environmental effects compared to conventional technologies. The intelligent factory will also digitize the communication mechanisms by applying the technique of the internet of things, both in longitudinal manner and diagonally across the supply chain, from suppliers to end-users.

He also referred to the importance of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the tools of artificial intelligence in promoting the integration of various energy sources, and enabling transport and distribution networks to achieve the technical stability required to enable them to transfer electricity produced regardless of its sources of production, whether produced from a renewable energy, nuclear power, natural gas or Clean coal, and as such would contribute to the UAE's 2050 Energy Strategy.

- The country that is most ready to employ advanced technologies

Henrik von Schill, the founder of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and organizer of the German digital revolution and member of the Board of Directors of the National Competitiveness Council of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development said to Al Etihad newspaper that the UAE is among the countries most ready to employ the techniques and tools of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The other nations includes China and Germany, but he said that UAE has the leadership ability to develop appropriate strategies, and to address the challenges and turn them into opportunities.

He explained that the world is witnessing three waves of the fourth industrial revolution, the first one is between 2009 and 2016, and includes the Internet of things, giant data, cloud computing, robots and digital currencies and Blockchain; the second wave is between 2016 and 2025, , Including the use of artificial intelligence based on the assets of Blockchain and intelligent automation "self-driving vehicles," the sixth generation technology for communications and the future of energy; while the third wave will be in 2025 and beyond it is the quantitative computing, "cybersecurity" and "Nano technology" and bioengineering and «Nero Technology».

 

The founder of the Fourth Industrial Revolution said that investing in the UAE would take a unique and different approach once it enters the second wave of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. This will provide unprecedented opportunities for growth and productivity, which will reshape the competitive landscape and map the world economy in an unprecedented scope. He stressed that the UAE leads the industry of the technical future in the region, it has the ability to become a leading global center for the technological revolution, and to strengthen its global leadership in the future industry and anticipate its changes. He pointed out that the fourth technological revolution includes all the physical and digital technologies and the virtual vitality to produce unprecedented services and products in new sectors. The physical world of technology is easily recognizable because of its physical nature, such as self-driving cars and sophisticated robots, whereas the digital world is based on data and it connects the data to the physical world through communication like in the Internet. The virtual world technology is based on genetics, genome and genetic modification, like the treatment of incurable diseases using developed drugs based on the genetic characteristics of individuals.

- The Human being as the focus of the industrial revolution strategy

The UAE strategy for the Fourth Industrial Revolution focuses on a number of key axes, including the future man, through the development of a smart and enhanced learning experience that will improve the output of the education sector in line with the requirements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution by focusing on technology and advanced science, bioengineering, nanotechnology, and artificial intelligence.

The strategy includes genomic medicine to contribute to the UAE's leading position, making it a global center for intelligent personal genome medicine and for genomic medical tourism by improving health care levels, and developing personalized medical and genome medications as needed by patients.

In addition, the strategy focuses on robotic health care and the use of robots and nanotechnology to enhance the potential of telemedicine and surgical services inside and outside UAE. It also aims to develop related healthcare to providing smart medical solutions around the clock through wearable and implanted technology in the human body.

The strategy includes the future security focus through the achievement of water and food security through the development of an integrated and sustainable system of water and food security, employing the sciences of bioengineering and advanced technology for renewable energy, and enhancing economic security through the adoption of digital economy and digital transaction technology.

The fourth industrial revolution is based on several main axes, including the integration of physical, digital and dynamic technologies. Physical technology is easily recognizable because of its concrete nature, including autopilot cars, 3D printing, and robotics. Digital technology is summarized in the “Internet of things” and big data, whereas biotechnology is genetics, which is an important factor in the recovery from the most serious diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is based on the digital revolution, in which technology is an integral part of society and a link between the materials, physical and biological world. It also uses advanced technology in various fields to improve efficiency, speed of development and growth, and the scope of the Fourth Industrial Revolution extends to all areas and sectors.

- Dusik: The development of human capital

Miroslav Dusik, Head of the Middle East and North Africa division of the World Economic Forum, told Al Ittihad that the UAE is at the forefront of the world in keeping with the requirements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. He pointed out that the country is more prepared in terms of strong legislative infrastructure that support the Fourth Revolution technology techniques, and its ability to achieve more by focusing on technological innovation and human capital development.

In a quick reading of the productive revolutions, the world has experienced four major revolutions. The agricultural revolution began more than 10,000 years ago, followed by the First Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, which was based on coal and steam power, and the Second Industrial Revolution of the 19th century based on Electricity, and the Third one that began in the 1960s that was led by the computer, and known as the "Digital Revolution."

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is a kind of revolution that human history has never witnessed before, in terms of speed, scale or complexity, and is driven by major engines: Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Autonomous Vehicles, 3D Printers, Giant Data, Virtual Currency, And "Internet of things", nanotechnology, biotechnology, energy storage, and quantitative computing.

* Source: Al Ittihad Newspapers/ translated by MOEI

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